10 Famous Nurses In The History Of Nursing
Mary Todd Lincoln
While she found more recognition as the wife of President Lincoln, Mary Todd Lincoln spent much of the Civil War tending to wounded Union soldiers in the Washington D.C. area. A staunch abolitionist, she was also willing and able to provide care to escaped slaves, and influenced the establishment of the Sanitary Commission during her husband's presidency.
No one person is more responsible for modern professional nursing, and no nurse is more widely recognized. International Nurses Day is celebrated on her birthday, and new nurses recite the Nightingale Pledge. While her abilities as a field nurse have been called into question, there is no denying that her understanding of statistics and infection and the response she developed to combat field conditions based on this knowledge. Her collection of data would lead to changes that would greatly lower the mortality rate of British soldiers in the Crimean War. These changes would be picked up across the world, and would help to reduce casualties in hospitals in the future.