10 Famous Nurses In The History Of Nursing
Starting out as an educator, Clara Barton pushed for the first free school in New Jersey, then moved from there to the US Patent Office, the first woman to work as a clerk at an upper level in the government. After the Civil War broke out, she felt it was her duty to help the soldiers, and worked delivering bandages and supplies to the front line, cleaned field hospitals, and eventually tended wounded soldiers. After the war, she spent time lecturing, then went abroad for some relaxation. It was during this trip that she went to Switzerland and was introduced to the Red Cross, and she also worked in hospitals at the beginning of the Franco-Prussian War. After the war, she returned home to develop the American Red Cross under President Arthur, opening the first society in 1882.
Known as one of America's premier poets and literary minds, Whitman originally became involved in the nursing profession through covering the Union hospitals for journalistic purposes. He had helped friends and family prior to the war with informal nursing visits, but had no real training. Seeing the wounded in the hospitals, Whitman was affected and took the rest of the war off from writing full-time, instead devoting his time to the care of wounded soldiers in and around the capital. These years of nursing on the Washington and Virginia battlefronts would haunt him for the rest of his life.