Top 10 Martial Arts and Their Origins
Developed for the Israeli army by Israeli-Hungarian fighter Imrich Lichtenfeld, Krav Maga is considered an extremely efficient martial art, combining brutal attacks and aggresive threat neutralization in a style that is a combination of boxing, Muay Thai, Jiu Jitsu and wrestling. It is used extensively in the Israeli army as well as special forces such as Shin Bet and the Mossad, the Israeli secret service. Krav Maga came about as a way to deal with anti-semetic groups in Eastern Europe during the early days of World War 2, when Imrich would set out with a group of fighters to defend Jews who were being threatened or hurt.
Having been developed out of necessity for real-world situations, Krav Maga focuses on bringing combat to an end as quickly as possible by attacking the weakest parts of the body. Using Wing Chun as its primary base for defending against weapons gives Krav Mega an edge against armed opponent. The grappling from Jiu Jitsu and Judo help establish a balance between striking and takedowns while also enabling high power submissions to defeat the foe.
Wing Chun was developed in 17th century China during the Qing Dynasty, and was one of the more complex martial arts taught in the Shaolin Temples of Southern China. During that time the Shaolin monks supported the Ming dynasty, leading to the inevitable demise of their own temples. Many legends were spread by the Shaolin as to the origins of the art in order to confuse their enemies, which is why not a lot is known about its origins and creator.
Considered one of the most well balanced martial arts, Wing Chun combines both striking and grappling skills, and specialises in close-range combat. It's used as a foundation for many offspring arts, such as the Israeli Krav Maga, and enables the fighter to both attack and defend at the same time with the ultimate goal of closing the distance to the foe as quickly as possible, as close-quarter combat is preferred. The style is well suited for fighting multiple opponents as it has fast blocking and intervention strikes.